Best Practices

This webpage identifies web-based resources related to best practices and emerging technologies related to hazard mitigation planning, building codes, and land use planning that can be employed by local communities to enhance their ability to mitigation against the impacts of coastal hazards.

Best Practices in Hazard Mitigation


Best Practices by Hazard Type


Best Practice in Planning, Management and Administration


Technical Tools and Modeling Tools for Best Practices


Academic Resources on Best Practices (journal articles, books, reports, etc.)

  • Mitigation
  • Vulnerability
    • Boruff, B.J., Emrich, C., & Cutter, S.L., (2005). Erosion hazard vulnerability of US coastal counties. Journal of Coastal Research, 21(5), 932–942.
    • Brody, S.D., Zahran, S, Vedlitz, A., & Grover, H. (2008). Examining the Relationship between Physical Vulnerability and Perceptions of Global Climate Change in the U.S. Environment and Behavior 40(1): 72–95.
    • Cutter, S.L., Boruff, B.J., & Shirley, W.L. (2003). Social vulnerability to environmental hazards. Social Science Quarterly, 84(1), 242–261.
    • Peacock, W.G., Kunreuther, H., Hooke, W.H., Cutter, S.L., Chang, S.E., & Berke, P.R. (2008). Toward a Resiliency and Vulnerability Observatory Network: RAVON.
    • Simpson, D. M. & Human, R. J. (2008) Large-scale vulnerability assessments for natural hazards. Natural Hazards. 47:143–155.
    • Zahran S., Brody, S.D., Peacock W. G., Grover, H. & Vedlitz, A. (2008). Social vulnerability and flood casualties in Texas, 1997-2001. Disasters, 32(4): 537–560.
    • Zahran, S., Brody, S.D., Peacock, W.G., Vedlitz, A., & Grover, H. (2008). Social vulnerability and the natural and built environment: A model of flood causalities in Texas. Disasters, 32(4): 537-560.
    • Zhang, Y., Lindell, M.K. & Prater, C.S. (2009). Modeling and managing vulnerability of community businesses to environmental disasters. Disasters, 33(1), 38–57.
  • Resiliency and Sustainability
    • Brody, S., Highfield, W., Peacock, W.G., & Gunn, J. 2011. The Influence of Development Intensity on Flood Damage along the Gulf of Mexico: Examining the Erosion of Resiliency. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 31(4):438-48.
    • Brody, S.D., Grover H., Bernhardt S., Tang Z., Whitaker & Spencer C. (2006). A Multi-Criteria, Spatial Site Suitability Analysis for Oil and Gas Exploration in Texas State Coastal Waters. Environmental Management, 38(4): 597–617.
    • Brody, S.D., Zahran S., Highfield W., Grover H., & Vedlitz A. (2008). Identifying the Impact of the Built Environment of Flood Damage in Texas. Disasters, 32(1): 1–18.
    • Godschalk, D. R. (2003). Urban hazard mitigation: creating resilient cities. Natural Hazards Review, 4(3) 136–143.
    • Mileti, D.S. (1999). Disasters by Design: A reassessment of natural hazards in the United States. Washington, DC: Joseph Henry Press.
    • Peacock, W.G., Brody, S.D., Seitz, W.A., Merrell, W.J., Vedlitz, A., Zahran, S., Harriss, R.C., & Stickney, R.R. (2010). Advancing the Resilience of Coastal Localities: Developing, Implementing and Sustaining the Use of Coastal Resiliency Indicators: A Final Report.
    • Peacock, W.G., Van Zandt, S., Henry, D., Grover, H., & Highfield, W. Forthcoming. Social Vulnerability and Hurricane Ike: Using Social Vulnerability Mapping to Enhance Coastal Community Resiliency in Texas. Chapter 7 in Sever Storm Prediction, Impact, and Recovery on the Texas Gulf Coast. Edited by Phillip B. Bedient. College Station, Texas: Texas A&M Press.
  • Recovery
    • Al-Nammari, F.M. & Lindell, M.K. (2009). Earthquake recovery of historic buildings: Exploring cost and time needs. Disasters, 33(3), 457–481.
    • Deyle, R., Eadie, C., Schwab, J., Smith, R., & Topping, K. (1998). Planning for post-disaster recovery and reconstruction (pp. 483-484). Chicago, IL: APA Planning Advisory Committee.
    • Olshanky, R.B., & Johnson, L.A. (2010). Clear as mud: planning for the rebuilding of New Orleans. Chicago, IL: American Planning Association Planner's Press.
    • Peacock, W.G., Morrow, B., & Gladwin, H. (1997). Hurricane Andrew: Ethnicity, gender and the sociology of disasters. London: Routledge.
    • Zhang, Y. & Peacock W. (2010) Planning for recovery? Lessons learned from Hurricane Andrew. Journal of the American Planning Association, 76(1): 5–24.
  • Emergency Planning
    • Chiu, Y.-C., Zheng, H., Villalobos, J. A., Peacock, W. G., & Henk, R. (2008). Evaluating Regional Contra-Flow and Phased Evacuation Strategies for Central Texas Using a Large-Scale Dynamic Traffic Simulation and Assignment Approach. Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management, 5(1): 34 (1–27).
    • Lindell, M.K. (2008). EMBLEM2: An empirically based large-scale evacuation time estimate model. Transportation Research Part A 42, 140–154.
    • Lindell M.K., Prater, C.S., & Peacock, W.G. (2007). Organizational communication and decision making for hurricane emergencies Natural Hazards Review 8(August): 50-60.
    • Lindell, M.K., Prater, C.S. & Perry, R.W. (2007). Introduction to Emergency Management. Hoboken NJ: Wiley.
    • Lindell, M.K., Prater, C.S., & Perry, R.W. (2006). Fundamentals of Emergency Management. Washington, DC: FEMA.
    • Perry, R.W. & Lindell, M.K. (2007). Emergency planning. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
  • Natural Resource Management
    • Brody, S.D., Highfield, W., Hyung-Cheal, R., & Weber, L. (2007). Examining the relationship between wetland alteration and watershed flooding in Texas and Florida. Natural Hazards, 40(2): 413-428.
    • Brody, S.D. (2008). Ecosystem Planning in Florida solving regional problems through local decision-making. Aldershot, England; Burlington, VT: Ashgate.
    • Ndubisi, F. (2002). Ecological Planning: A Historical and Comparative Synthesis Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press.
    • Tierney, K.J., Lindell, M.K., & Perry, R.W. (2001). Facing the Unexpected: Disaster preparedness in the United States. Washington, DC: Joseph Henry Press.


Organizations and Associations